Due to unilateral voluntary actions of the Russian Federation, Ukrainian-Russian arrangements enshrined in basic agreements on Black Sea Fleet were violated from February 21, 2014, in particular...
Agreement between Ukraine and the Russian Federation on the Status and Conditions of Presence of the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Federation in the Territory of Ukraine dated May 28, 1997:
Paragraph 1, Article 6 regarding the obligation of military units to conduct their operations in the areas of disposition in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and respect to Ukraine’s sovereignty, obey its legislation and prevent interference with Ukraine’s domestic affairs;
Paragraph 2, Article 8 regarding the conduct of exercise and other combat and operative training within the limits of training centers, training areas, positioning and dispersal areas, firing ranges, and, except forbidden zones, within the designated airspace as agreed with Ukraine’s competent authorities;
Paragraph 4, Article 8 regarding the conduct of security measures in the areas of their disposition and during movements in cooperation with Ukraine’s competent authorities;
Paragraph 1, Article 15 regarding adherence by military units of the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Federation to border, customs and other forms of state controls during the crossing of Ukrainian-Russian border;
Paragraph 1, Article 12 regarding the obligation to have registration numbers and clear signs on official vehicles of the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Federation;
Paragraph 5, Article 15 regarding the possibility of movements related to activities of military units outside of their areas of disposition only following an approval by Ukraine’s competent authorities.
Paragraph 1, Article 1 regarding excess of the designated number (132) of armored fighting vehicles of the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Federation;
Paragraph 3, Article 7 regarding excess of the designated number of personnel of marines and naval aviation by over 1987 persons.
Article 2 regarding the conduct of exercises and inspections of standby air defense forces of the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Federation upon consent by the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, and in accordance with regime and conditions established by the Ukrainian Center for Planning of Use of Airspace of Ukraine and airspace control by the Ukrainian Center for Planning of Use of Airspace of Ukraine.
In addition, due to military deployment in the territory of Ukraine of forces and resources of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, which included both military units of the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Federation temporary stationed in the territory of Ukraine, and units from the territory of the Russian Federation, with massive use of military transport aircraft, the provisions of
were violated. In particular:
Article 3 regarding the development of relations on the basis of principles of mutual respect of sovereign equality, territorial integrity, inviolability of borders, peaceful settlement of disputes, non-use of force or threat of force, including economic and other forms of pressure, non-interference into internal affairs;
Article 6 regarding the abstaining from participation in actions directed against the other Contracting Party.